Variohm-EuroSensor has supplied a Novotechnik RFC4800 series non-contact angle sensor for use in a commercial wave power plant to provide position feedback for a large butterfly damper.
Voith Hydro Wavegen recently completed the installation of what it describes as the world's first commercial wave power plant. Located in Mutriku in Northern Spain, the 300kW plant is based on Wavegen's Nearshore Oscillating Water Column (OWC) technology, which employs Novotechnik RFC4800 series non-contacting angle sensors supplied by Variohm EuroSensor.
Recognising the considerable benefit of this renewable and abundant energy source, the Basque Energy Board (EVE) commissioned Wavegen's Nearshore OWC to be built into a new breakwater that was required to provide sea defence protection for the harbour at Mutriku. The technology has worldwide potential for ocean-facing coastlines and small islands.
The civil structure at Mutriku has 16 integrated Wells turbines that are located above a large chamber with an opening that is submerged under the water. As the ocean swell rises and falls, so does the water level in the chamber. Rising water compresses the chamber air, which is forced through the turbine generator. The falling water then sucks the air back through the turbine into the chamber. The Wells turbine is driven in the same direction irrespective of the air direction. The electricity generated is conditioned and exported to the grid – enough to power 250 homes.
An RFC4800 angle sensor is used to provide position feedback for a large butterfly damper located between the chamber and the turbine. Driven by an electrical actuator, the damper is used to isolate the turbine for shutdown purposes, as well as throttle the turbine airflow in extreme sea states.
The RFC4800 uses a magnetic field to determine angle. With no moving parts, the non-contact design includes a magnetic position marker typically attached to the customer's shaft; this interacts with the sensor electronics, providing an analogue output proportional to angle position.
For the Wavegen application, the position sensor element is fixed to the turbine frame and the corresponding magnetic position marker is located directly on the end of the actuator shaft. This arrangement, with no bearings to wear and with each element IP69 sealed, allows extremely high reliability and a long working life – the MTBF rating for the electronics is 50,000 hours. The magnet and sensor elements are easily installed and, as the 12-bit resolution (0.09 degrees) analogue output is absolute, there is no need to recalibrate the valve position after a power shutdown.
Robust and reliable
Adam Young – Wavegen's Business Development Engineer, comments: "It is a critical piece of equipment, as the butterfly position is inherent to the safe operation of our turbine. As you might imagine, given the conditions in which this equipment operates (salt-laden air, cyclic positive and negative pressure) and in a commercial plant, it is imperative that the equipment is robust and functions reliably."
Novotechnik's RFC4800 series angle sensors are used widely for extreme environment applications in agricultural and construction equipment, as well as marine and automotive areas. With very high resilience to shock and vibration, the sensors are well suited to space-restricted installations in moving vehicles, and the transmissive properties between magnet and sensor means that operation can be possible through non-magnetic barriers.
A choice of three models is available for supply voltages of 5, 12 or 12/24V DC. Optional output formats include 0–10V DC, 0.5–4.5V DC, a ratiometric voltage based on a pre-calibrated percentage of the input, and 4–20mA. The standard electrical angle is 360 degrees but optional 30 to 360 degree specials can be supplied, as well as redundant-output versions. IP67 environmental protected models are also available.
Contact Variohm-EuroSensor for more information about Novotechnik's RFC4800 series angle sensors.