Parker Hannifin has supplied its PowerRod linear motors to Computer Controlled Solutions for use in machines to test dampers 20million times.
The latest PowerRod linear motor system from Parker Hannifin is playing a vital role in a series of test machines for a new generation of spacer dampers designed for use on overhead power transmission lines. Developed and produced by UK-based systems house Computer Controlled Solutions Ltd (CCS), for Tyco Electronics UK Ltd, the test machines use the PowerRod motors and Compax 3 servo drive to replace conventional motor and cam mechanisms, thereby helping to minimise setup time and provide high levels of reliability during tests of 20million cycles, equivalent to around 5000km of travel.
Spacer dampers are fitted to high-voltage overhead transmission line conductors that are used for long-distance transmission of electricity at 400kV from power stations to substations. Conductors are normally arranged in bundles of two, three or four lines, which have specific separations, maintained and protected from wind induced sub-conductor oscillation energy by spacer dampers. Spacer dampers protect the lines' cables from wear and premature fatigue failures, maintaining electrical and mechanical performance during extreme weather conditions and system faults.
The new generation of Quad and Triple Spacer Dampers are undergoing development by Tyco Electronics and will form part of a long-term programme to upgrade the UK power transmission network over the next decade. Paul Riley, Managing Director of CCS, explains: “These new spacer dampers will offer both a longer service life than those currently in use and enhanced performance, in terms of their ability to withstand aeolian vibration, wear and climatic extremes. A key service requirement, however, is their ability to offer an operating life of at least 25 years, without maintenance or loss of performance”.
The semi-conductive spacer dampers are constructed from aluminium alloy, which, in the case of the Quad versions, have four connection arms. Each of these is linked via a specially designed frame with the arm arrangement incorporating elastomer damping elements. These attach to each sub-conductor maintaining, for example, a 500mm separation.
Reliability of the spacer damper, in particular the performance of the elastomer damping elements, is therefore crucial to the continuous safe and efficient operation of transmission lines. The spacer dampers have to provide sufficient flexibility to allow the conductors to move due to effects of wind, including expansion and contraction during extreme weather conditions, while controlling and reducing the effects of wind. This includes a phenomenon know as aeolian vibration, which is caused by streams of air flowing over the surface of each conductor, creating vortex shedding (wind flow disturbance) that results in the downwind cable vibrating.
CCS has developed test rigs to prove the performance and operating life of the elastomer damping elements by moving each pivot arm though a predetermined series of cycles. These include a deflection test to ensure that the arm will not deviate beyond specific angular displacements, for example, 12degrees either side of its neutral position. Deflection forces are initially 325N, followed by continuous flexing at 260N peak, with a return to the maximum load at intermittent intervals at frequencies between 1 and 5Hz. These tests are repeated for up to 20million cycles, which is the equivalent of over 25 years in service.
Benefits of electric actuators
Paul Riley says: “In the past, test rigs for similar applications tended to use an AC motor, camshaft and various bearings to test each damper. The problem with this arrangement was that it was noisy and consisted of multiple components, so the potential for mechanical wear and failure was high; it was also difficult to change applied forces without lengthy adjustments to the cam settings. We therefore chose to develop our solution around Parker’s PowerRod PRA linear motor and Compax 3 servo drive. This provides a simple, compact and extremely efficient system that is virtually silent and enables us easily to adjust the applied force. Perhaps as importantly, the PowerRod motor is supplied as an integrated system, complete with encoder, so we do not need to use additional measurement devices, while the Compax 3 interfaces with a PC, via a standard National Instruments card, so that we can easily control all settings on each test rig; for example, we can cycle each PowerRod unit between 1 and 5Hz, depending on the unit being tested, which equates to a test time of 46 days at maximum speed, and interrupt and restart each test if required.
“The PowerRod linear motor system is extremely accurate, enabling us to ensure that applied loads are repeatable within tight parameters, and is capable of continuous operation for extended periods, often equating to many thousands of kilometres of travel, without maintenance. In addition, we worked closely with Parker to develop the test rigs and they have provided a wealth of technical knowledge and support that has enabled us to maximise the performance and functionality of the PowerRod system”.