Jon Howard, Managing Director of Heason Technology considers motion control and hygienic design for food and beverage packaging automation.
With significant developments in high-hygiene servo motor and drive technology from our distribution partner Kollmorgen, machine designers are now able to specify systems that do not automatically mean using expensive and performance-limited stainless steel motors throughout an automated machine. This is made possible with Kollmorgen's synchronous servo motors which include stainless steel housed motors but also covers lower-cost FDA-compliant food grade coated variants. These motors are part of a large standard servo motor programme which shares a consistent design and benefits from optimal use with a comprehensive range of servo drives and motion controllers - that also offer advantages for hygienic applications.
When specifying servo motors and associated motion systems for food processing and packaging applications from a hygienic design perspective, machine designers would establish whether motion needs to be applied directly in areas with actual contact with the intended produce for the machine, or where motors and perhaps decentralised drives might be sited further away - and of course what sort of machine-cleaning regime would be required. This then leads to consideration of the levels of motor and drive protection required and thus the construction and materials of the components used.
Where servo motors are located in very close proximity to processed products, it is difficult to consider an alternative to stainless steel housed models. As such, these motors are more expensive and, size-for-size with standard servo motors, have reduced power and efficiency due to reduced thermal conductivity; consequently they should only be deployed where absolutely necessary. The Kollmorgen AKMH stainless steel servo motor however, does offer some interesting advantages. It is not merely a standard motor with a stainless steel housing and hardware. The motor meets IP69K and safe high-pressure cleaning with water pressures of up to 100bar by virtue a cylindrical housing and smooth design that ensures that fluids can run off better. EPDM sealing rings are chosen for the material's excellent resilience and their slight surface bulge actually helps repel build-up of deposits. The motor's convex end cover is not fixed with hygiene-compromising screws, but rather is screwed into the main housing with a large internal thread that compresses the seal. This 316 stainless steel servo motor is complemented with a thermal performance that, whilst is not up to a traditional steel housed motor, does boast a torque derating of under 20 per cent which compared with other manufacturers' models at around 30 per cent, offers better performance. The range provides continuous torque from 0.4 to 21Nm and speeds up to 8000 rpm.
For areas where produce does not come into direct contact with servo motors, Kollmorgen's AKM series with washdown and washdown food-grade coatings provide a very compelling cost-effective and long-life option. In particular the food-grade version provides a protective dual-component coating and lubricants that comply with FDA requirements. This coating has been certified by the EcoLab laboratory, which specialises in hygiene tests. With its stainless steel shaft and PTFE shaft seal, the motor is very resistant to aggressive cleaning agents including alkaline and acids - in particular to common cleaning agents with a pH value between >2 and
Drives may be centralised in a common control cabinet but more and more packaging machine designers are embracing the advantages of decentralised systems where the drive is mounted on the machine and is often sited close to the motor. This reduces cabling cost and time, and simplifies machine complexity to a large extent. Both centralised and decentralised architectures are supported with motion control system such as the Kollmorgen Automation Suite (KAS) - synchronising motion across the whole machine. Kollmorgen's decentralised servo drive range extends to an IP67 rated variant, the AKD-N, which can be machine mounted very close to the servo motor with no need for protective covers. This really exploits the potential for simplified machine set-up, straightforward maintenance and overall increased reliability with much less down-time.
Kollmorgen has further simplified such system architectures with an innovation that connects servo motors to their drives with just one cable for power and control signals. As encoder signals from the synchronous motor are transmitted via the motor cable, this reduces the cable count on the machine by a half. With installation times and the space requirement for cabling reduced, there is an additional advantage by the reduction in the number of connection points that also benefits reliability. The simplified design also permits more effective cleaning with less components and potentially more space around them. All the servo motors discussed above can be supplied with the single-cable option.
The guidelines of the European Hygienic Equipment Design Group (EHEDG), as well as the USA's FDA, reveal that design requirements for hygienic machinery do not imply that all automation components should be built using stainless steel. Therefore, and in summary, the way that servo motors should be applied in the food industry, i.e. the level of corrosion resistance required, the cleaning regime/requirements, the position of the motor and the economic costs, are all important design considerations. Given these factors, Kollmorgen's range of servo motors, drives and motion controls, available with full technical support from Heason Technology, can together contribute to a cost effective and attractive machine system.
Please visit www.heason.com for more information about the company's products for motion control and hygienic design for food and beverage packaging automation.